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万里长城永不倒(舒芳诗林与高天流云合创音画)  

2011-10-02 04:40:40|  分类: 阿芳音画 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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万里长城永不倒(舒芳诗林与高天流云合创音画) - 舒芳诗林 - 舒芳诗林的博客

 

 

 

万里长城永不倒(舒芳诗林与高天流云合创音画) - 舒芳诗林 - 舒芳诗林的博客


 


 
 
 

万里长城永不倒(舒芳诗林与高天流云合创音画) - 舒芳诗林 - 舒芳诗林的博客

 
万里长城永不倒(舒芳诗林与高天流云合创音画) - 舒芳诗林 - 舒芳诗林的博客
中国的万里长城
 
 
编辑:舒芳诗林                  译文:高天流云
 
 
中国的万里长城,世界上最长的城墙,像一条巨龙,逶迤在中国的北部。
它从西到东,穿过沙漠,越过高山,跨过深谷,蜿蜒而行,
最后到达海边,它是世界上的奇迹之一。
而且它是登上月球的宇航员能够看到的地球上为数不多的人工建筑物之一。
长城大约有两千多年的历史,
它的第一部分建于春秋时期(公无前770年—公元前476年),
在战国时期(公元前475年—公元前221年),
大部分的城墙是各诸侯国为了防御而修建的边界线。
在公元前221年,秦国将各诸侯国统一为一个国家。
为御敌于国门之处,秦始皇命人把所有的城墙都连接起来,这样长城就形成了。
从那时起,特别是在明朝期间(公元1368年—公元1644年),
经常对长城进行加固,再重建及修缮。
长城,在汉语里叫做“万里长城”,
实际上长城有6000多里长,6—7米高,4—5米宽。
在长城上面,大多数地方很宽,足够五匹马或十个人并排而行,
长城有巨大的通道并与中国北部的主要道路相连接。
沿长城城墙每隔几百米就有烽火台(岗楼),过去经常有墙士兵驻守。
每当敌人来侵犯时,烽火就点燃,
与此同时士兵就向敌人开火,这样就向其它岗楼上的士兵发出警报。
一烟一炮,表示敌人有百人左右;
二烟二炮,表示敌人有五百人左右。
这样几小时之内,警报就能送出五百公里。
没有任何现代机器,在那荒无人烟、遥远而偏僻的土地上
修建和重修这样一座长城是非常困难的,
所有的工作都是靠手工来完成的。
很多人被迫离开他们的故乡来修建长城,他们用筐子往高处运土,
用手一块块地传递砖头,肩背绳索拖拽巨石。
这些人的生活条件是相当悲惨的,
数千人死后就被埋藏在他们修建的长城下面。
长城不仅是用石头和泥土砌成的,而且也是凝聚着数百万人的血和肉。
从数百年以前长城重新修建以后,
到中华人民共和国成立,它没有再得到任何的修缮。
从那以后,长城的大部分地方被修缮。
在长城的两边出现了新的城市,栽种了许多树木,
沙漠变成了草地,古老的长城呈现出了新的面貌。
如今,长城不仅对于中国人而且对于全世界的人来说是一个名胜古迹。
其中许多人都已经知道这句中国名言:“不到长城非常好汉”。
 
万里长城永不倒(舒芳诗林与高天流云合创音画) - 舒芳诗林 - 舒芳诗林的博客
 
THE GREAT WALL OF CHINA
 
 
The Great Wall of China,the longest wall in the world,
runs across north China like a huge dragon.
It winds its way from west to east, across deserts,
over mountains, through valleys, till at last it reaches the sea.
It is on of the wonders of the world.
And it was one of the few man-made objects on the earth
that could be seen by the astronauts who lands on the moon.
The Great Wall has a history of over twenty centuries.
The first part of it was built during the Spring and Autumn period(770B.C.—476 B.C.).
During the Warring States period(475B.C.—221 B.C.),
more walls were put up to defend the borders of the different kingdoms. In 221 B.C.,
the kingdom of Qin united the different parts of China into empire.
To keep the enemy out of his empire, Emperor Qin Shi Huang had the walls joined up.
Thus the Great Wall came into being. Since then, it has often been added to,
rebuilt and repaired, especially during the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644).
The Great Wall, which is called in Chinese “The Ten-Thousand-li Great Wall”,
is actually more than 6,000 kilometers long, 6-7 meters high and 4-5 meters wide.
In most places it is wide enough for five horses
or ten men to walk side by side along the top.
It has great gateways which connect ten main roads of north China.
Every few hundred meters along the wall there are watchtowers,
which soldiers used to keep watch.
When the enemy came,
fires were lit and at the same time guns were fired to warn soldiers at others towers.
One column of smoke with one gunshot meant an enemy troop of about 100,
two columns with two shots meant 500.
In this way, a warning message could be sent 500 kilometers within a few hours.
It was very difficult to build and rebuild such a great wall over wild
and distant country without any modern machines.
All the work had to be done by hand.
Many people were forced to work on the wall far away from their homelands.
They lifted earth in baskets,
passed bricks from hand to hand
and dragged heavy stones with ropes over their shoulders.
Their living conditions were terrible.
Thousands of men died and were buried under the wall they built.
The Great Wall was made not only of stone and earth,
but also of the flesh and blood of millions of men.
After the Great Wall was rebuilt hundreds of years ago,
no more work was done on it until the People's Republic of China was founded.
After that, parts of the Walls were repaired.
On both sides of it new cities appeared,
trees were planted, and deserts became grasslands.
The Old Great Wall took on a new look.
Nowadays,
the great Wall has become a place of interest not only to the Chinese people,
but also to people from all over the world. Many of them have come to know
the famous Chinese saying: “He who does not reach the Great wall is not a true man”.
 
 
万里长城永不倒(舒芳诗林与高天流云合创音画) - 舒芳诗林 - 舒芳诗林的博客
 
 
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